Interview You Conducted:
Kumar, Pranab. Personal Interview. 20 Sept. 2004.
Blair, Tony. Interview by David . Question Time. BBC 1. London. 6 July 2004.
Painting Found Online
Lawrence, Jacob. Revolt on the Amistad. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1989. Web. 25 July 2008.
Photograph Found Online
Liebowitz, Annie. Monument Valley. Brooklyn Museum, New York, 1993. Web. 8 Feb. 2008.
Map Found Online
"Africa Population Density." Map. Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection. University of Text at Austin, 22 Jun 2007. Web. 10 Jan. 2008.
Generally you will not know the author of a government document. When that is the case, cite the government agency that issued the work as the author. State the name of the government first, followed by the agency's name. Abbreviate common words such as department (Dept.) Follow the guidelines in section 5.6.21 of the MLA Handbook if the work you are citing is not in the examples below.
If the author is known, you can either begin the citation with the government agency, as in the examples above, and list the author's name after the document title, preceded by the word "By" or an abbreviation, such as Ed. Alternatively you can begin the citation with the author's name. Either format is correct.
United Nations. Feeding the World's Poor. New York: Taylor, 2000.
United States. Cong. Joint Committee on Terrorism. Hearings. 81st Cong., 1st sess. 14 vols. Washington: GPO, 2001.
United States, U.S. Department of Education. No Child Left Behind. A Toolkit for Teachers. 2004. Web. 6 March 2007.
United States. U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency. Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime. By Howard N. Snyder. Dec. 2001. Web. 29 June 2002.
Snyder, Howard N. Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime. United States Department of Justice. Office of Juvenile Crime, Dec. 2001. Web. 29 June 2008.
More than one author
Broer, Lawrence R., and Gloria Holland. Hemingway and Women: Female Critics and the Female Voice. University of Alabama Press, 2002.
Note: For more than three authors, you may name the first author and add et al., or you give all names in full.
An edition other than the first edition
White, Mark D. "Why Doesn't Batman Kill the Joker?" Introducing Philosophy through Pop Culture: From Socrates to South Park, Hume to House. Eds. William Irvin Kyle Johnson. Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. 163-171.
Gunasekaran, 24x7. Web. 22 July 2008. , Omar , and M. , eds. Knowledge and Information Technology Management: Human and Social Perspectives. New Ideas, 2000. Books
Scholarly Journal Articles
Scholarly Journal Article from Library Database
Tolson, Nancy. “Making Books Available: The Role of Early Libraries, Librarians, and Booksellers in the Promotion of African American Children’s Literature.” African America Review, vol. 32, no. 1, 1998, pp. 9-16. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3042263.
Magazine Articles from Library Database
Kates, Robert W. “Population and Consumption: What We Know, What We Need to Know.” Environment, Apr. 2000, pp. 10-19.
McKay, Peter A. “Stocks Feel the Dollar’s Weight.” Wall Street Journal 4 Dec. 2006, p. C1+.
Newspaper Article from Library Database
Solache, Sergio. "Mexico's Dam Projects May Flood Villages." USA Today 12 Nov. 2009, p. 8A. Academic OneFile, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A211925408/AONE?u=whit75390&sid=AONE&xid=01d70324.
Entire Web Site (No Author)
Wardman Library. Whittier College, 2018, whittier.edu/library. Accessed 2 Feb. 2019.
Page on a Website
Kraus, Michael. “The Roots of Economic Inequality.” Yale Insights, Yale University, 4 Dec. 2018, insights.som.yale.edu/insights/the-roots-of- economic-inequality. Accessed 25 March 2019.
Page on Website with No Author
“Tibetan Buddhist Mandalas.” Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, 11 Sept. 2007, museum.cornell.edu/exhibitions/tibetan-buddhist-mandalas. Accessed 4 June 2013.
In-text or parenthetical citations require only the author and page number. If the author is mentioned in the sentence, include only the page number:
Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" (3). Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" (Burke 3).
If the author is unknown, include a few words of the title:
We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has “more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . . ” (“Impact of Global Warming” 6).
Begin the citation with the name of either the composer or the performer, followed by the title of the recording, the performer (if not put first), the format (CD, audio cassette or LP), the manufacturer and the year.
Performer and Composer are the Same or No Composer:
Lewiston, David. Fiestas of Peru: Music of the High Andes. CD. Nonesuch Records, 1995.
Composer and Performer:
Citations for audio/video materials include the author (if available), the title, producing company and date. Other elements vary depending on the type of material. Follow the examples below and refer to the MLA Handbook, if necessary.
Television or Radio Program
"Cuba and Cocaine." Narr. Bill Moyers. Frontline. Documentary Consortium. PBS. WTVS, Miami. 18 Jan. 1990. Television.
Films (DVDs, VHS):